Furthermore, based on research done by linguists on language maintenance in Indonesia, there is an indication that there was a sign of diglossia leakage, which means the Indonesian language High variety had encroached upon the regional languages Low variety. Midway Arcade Treasures 2. The shift from Jakarta Malay to Indonesian among traditional Betawi families is also an example of this trend Sneddon, a: First-language speakers in the and censuses in Indonesia Language Number of Speakers millions Percentage of Speakers Javanese This dialect is considered more inferior compared to its standard variant of the Solo-Yogya dialect. According to Ferguso , diglossia is a relati ely sta le la guage i hi h, i additio to the pri ary diale ts of 17 the language which may include a standard or regional standards , there is a very highly codified often grammatically more complex superposed variety, the vehicle of a large and respected body of written literature, either of an earlier period or in another speech community, which is learned largely by formal education and is used for most written and formal spoken purposes but is not used by any section of the community for ordinary o ersatio
Malay was chosen as it was regarded as easy to learn and, most importantly, ethnically neutral for not being the first language of any prominent ethnic group Lowenberg, ; Paauw, Moreover, as Nababan also points out, the vernaculars enjoy a secure constitutional status as a recognized part of the Indonesian national culture and tradition. This dialect is considered more inferior compared to its standard variant of the Solo-Yogya dialect. Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics. In the era of modernisation, traditional cultures are becoming increasingly marginalised.
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Therefore, it seems reasonable to note that in spite of the relatively rapid shift of first language acquisition from a local vernacular to Indonesian, the vernaculars are still 16 Language maintenance denotes the continuing use of a language in the face of competition from a regionally and socially more powerful language Mesthrie et al.
Contact Between Languages in Indonesia. Firstly the government must create a condition which allows its speakers to use their mother tongue and pass it down to younger generation.
Faculty of Literature, University of Indonesia. Nababan points out that there will be a gradual increase in the use of Indonesian language among the villagers or people in the small towns when the younger people who have gone through the educational system start replacing their elders on the village councils.
It has been observed that there is enormous pressure to use Indonesian in modern places i.
PEMERTAHANAN DIALEK BANYUMAS TERHADAP DOMINASI DIALEK SOLO-YOGYA | Wijana | Jurnal Humaniora
We found from the time pemertajanan of the elastic modulus at very low frequencies that the transesterification reaction was still occurring during rheological measurements. Furthermore, in this multicultural and multilingual situation, contact between different languages is likely unavoidable.
Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: First-language speakers in the and censuses in Indonesia Language Number of Speakers millions Percentage of Speakers Javanese The most common specific type of influence is the borrowing of words Thomason, Moreover, Sneddon a also argues that such scholarly research does not encourage the use of the languages described and rarely even comes to the notice of speakers of the languages, especially the minor vernaculars.
Portraits of Indonesian Language Vitality. By I Wayan Arka. To conclude, the greater the number of speakers of a language, the greater the tendency is for that language to influence other languages in language contact.
(PDF) Contact Between Languages in Indonesia | Maria Leodora –
Language and Society, 29 3: Related prior pemertahanwn, the viability of possible alternative […]. Firstly, this claim is more often made by speakers of the major vernaculars like Javanese and Sundanese, languages which would be the last to disappear if ever that would happen.
Nababan argues that if the vernaculars are undergoing some changes, particularly in vocabulary and written language through the borrowing of words and phrases, that seems to be a natural development of languages in order to cope with new situations p. Review of Shifting Languages: Related prior findings, the viability of possible alternative […] Continue Reading.
The discussion of this essay will particularly focus on language shift and language maintenance as the effects of language contact. Log In Sign Up. Furthermore, when speakers of one 6 Official language: Language Planning and Modernization: Toutes les compilations de Vieux Gazeur.
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This dialect is considered more inferior compared to its standard variant of the Solo-Yogya dialect. Language Shift and Language Maintenance in Indonesia.
Moreover, Alisjahbana once wrote that there was no justification for a language policy that preserves hundreds of languages spoken by small groups of people by artificial means. In the era of modernisation, traditional cultures are becoming increasingly marginalised. From the mapping of this contribution, it appears that languages that are geographically located in the eastern region of Indonesia contributed less than those from the western side, with Javanese being the greatest contributor, followed by Minangkabau and Sundanese Ibid.
In such a context, this essay therefore attempts to discuss contact between languages in Indonesia, and the resulting outcomes.
Inevitably, as part of its development, the Indonesian language continues to be open to the practice of adapting and borrowing words.