Towering high above the Beqaa plain, their monumental proportions proclaimed the power and wealth of Imperial Rome. Finds included pottery sherds including a spout dating to the early Bronze Age. The town became a battleground upon the rise of Christianity. This six-sided form was built between the Propylaea and the Great Court in the first half of the 3rd century A. Conservation work at Lebanon’s historic sites began in October.

Subscribe Now For Unrestricted Access 1 month The tallest retaining wall, on the west, has a second course of monoliths containing the famous ” Three Stones ” Greek: Willow Osgood The Daily Star. Roof sculpture, supposedly of Cleopatra. From the 16th century, European tourists began to visit the colossal and picturesque ruins.

In the mid-1st century, Nero built the tower-altar opposite the temple.

Through the foundation there run three enormous passages the size of railway tunnels. From the 16th century, European tourists began to visit the colossal and picturesque ruins. The Great Omayyad Mosque. The gods worshipped here, the Triad of Jupiter, Venus and Mercury, were grafted onto the indigenous deities of Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility.

essay about baalbek castle

Baalbek has hot rainless summers with cold and occasionally snowy winters. It is reached by a monumental stairway.

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Cambridge University Press, Page Customs gets back to work, fuel deliveries resume. Previous to its more recent western romantic appeal, especially nurtured by the 19th century British on the extended ‘Grand Tour’ it was fought over frequently and decisively during the Crusades.


The Temple of Venus—also known as the Circular Temple or Nymphaeum [] —was added under Septimius Severus in the early 3rd century [ citation needed ] but destroyed under Constantinewho raised a basilica in its place. An altar was set in the center of this court in the tradition of the biblical Semitic high places.

The first survey and restoration work at Baalbeck was begun by the German Archaeological Mission in Built on what was the site of the Roman forum and later a Byzantine church dedicated to St.

Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, as they vary from the classic Roman design.

Baalbek: A day trip to the Roman ruins | Life , Travel & Tourism | THE DAILY STAR

The Tell Baalbek temple complex, fortified as the town’s citadel during the Middle Ages, [92] was constructed from local stone, mostly white granite and a rough white marble. Reflecting upon Lebanese identity. Ultimately, the site vied with Praeneste in Italy as the two largest sanctuaries in the Western world. Near the Temple of Venus are the remains of “The Temple of the Muses”, dating from the beginning of the 1st century A.

Baalbek – City of the Sun, Lebanon Archeology Photos

More from Willow Osgood STL prosecution backs defense request to postpone trial STL defense pushes for trial delay, seeks more cooperation A noisy electoral debate, but is anyone listening? Economics might be reinventing itself right now. Courtesy of the Ministry of Tourism. Recent cleaning operations at the Temple of Jupiter discovered the deep trench at its edge, whose study pushed back the date of Tell Baalbek’s settlement to the PPNB Neolithic.


The sherd featured cuneiform letters. Constructed during the first half of the 2nd century A. Heliopolis in Phoenicia; not to be confused with the Egyptian bishopric Heliopolis in Augustamnica was a bishopric under Csstle and Byzantine rule, but it was wiped out by Islam.

Israel and the Palestinian territories Jerusalem: Baalbeck’s temples were built on an baout tell that goes back at least to the end of the third millennium B. Lebanon’s representative gave assurances that the committee’s wish would be honoured.

essay about baalbek castle

He noted both the magnificence of the Roman remains and the drab condition of the modern settlement. A noisy electoral debate, but is anyone listening?

essay about baalbek castle

Today the city, 85 kilometers from Beirut, is an important administrative and economic center in the northern Beqaa valley. The nearby Qubbat Durisa 13th-century Muslim shrine on the old road to Damascus, is built out of granite columns, apparently removed from Baalbek. The town became a battleground upon the rise of Christianity. Baalbak a David Roberts print. In Catholicismits titular see is distinguished as Heliopolis in Phoeniciafrom its former Roman province Phoenice.

Riyaq—Homs” bbaalbek, Al Mashriq:

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